For those who like to explore the concept and dynamics of male bonding. Men are socialized in different ways in different societies, and so many men would like to have close male friendships, yet after spending time establishing a career, primary relationship and live in general, find themselves without close male friends. Many of us want male friends with whom we can share openly without...
The Power of Touch - NY TimesReturn to Discussions
great article on male touch
I'll paste it below if you'd rather not follow the link. It struck me first because I've recently had a similar experience with my elderly father - lifting him out of his wheelchair to stand with him and hug, then setting him back down. And inspirational with regard to my work in massage school.
I had thought about reaching for my fathers hand for weeks. He was slowly dying in a nursing home, and no one who visited him from my mother, his wife of 42 years, to my three siblings held his hand. How do you reach for something that, for so many decades, hinted at violence and, worse, dismissal?
In the flickering gray from the old black-and-white movies we watched together, I finally did it. I touched my fathers hand, which I hadnt held since I was a young boy. His curled fingers opened, unhinging some long-sealed door within me, then lightly closed around mine. Before I left, I did something else none of the males in my family had ever done before. I leaned close to my fathers ear and whispered, I love you.
Since then, I have learned that many middle-aged American men share this discomfort with reaching for another mans hand. But experts say that nonsexual touching contributes to greater well-being.
Touch is the first, and perhaps most profound, language we learn when were very young, says Tiffany Field, director of the Touch Research Institute at the University of Miami School of Medicine. Touch might have a more immediate impact than words, Dr. Field said in an email, because it is physical and leads to a chain of bioelectric and chemical changes that basically relax the nervous system.
The benefits of nonsexual touch read like a 19th-century tonic advertisement, except that the outcomes have been scientifically vetted. Touch has been found, among other things, to reduce stress, heart rate and blood pressure. Touch has even been found to lower the level of cortisol in the body (especially in women) which, when elevated, impedes our working memory and, most critically, the immune systems resiliency.
It should be great news that something free, widely available and lacking in harmful side effects is so good for us, but it gets ignored in a touch-averse culture like ours. Yes, Americans are generally gregarious but, unlike, say, Italians, Greeks, the French or Latinos, that friendly intimacy is largely limited to our mouths. According to Jay Skidmore, former chairman of the psychology department of Seattle Pacific University, social-cultural trends in America have focused for decades on reducing touch.
Of course, it would not be surprising if recent allegations of sexual assault by public figures make people even more skittish about initiating or receiving physical contact.
Indeed, many men self-police their hands around each other. In younger men this manifests in the ubiquitous No homo! response if they accidentally touch another guy, and in older men it translates into the same awkward discomfort (read: fear) that I, and many men, experience when faced with reaching out to another male, even an intimate. Yet these reactions are a relatively modern phenomena. Men shared the same bed with strangers in early American taverns, and scholarship is unearthing letters including ones from Abraham Lincoln revealing how men sometimes nurtured same-sex friendships that were more emotionally and physically intimate in nonsexual ways than the relationships they shared with women. Some 19th-century tintypes, such as those collected in the book Bosom Buddies: A Photo History of Male Affection, illustrate this.
The psychologist Ofer Zur notes that for most 20th- and 21st-century American men, physical contact is restricted to violence or sex. As the sociologist Michael Kimmel, who studies masculinity, said in an email, touch between straight men can occur only when physical contact magically loses its association with homosexuality as happens in sports.
The fear that girds the lack of platonic touch among American men also fuels the destructive force of their hands, a 2002 study in the journal Adolescence found. Dr. Field was the lead author of the study, which looked at 49 cultures. The cultures that exhibited minimal physical affection toward their young children had significantly higher rates of adult violence, she said. But those cultures that showed significant amounts of physical affection toward their young children had virtually no adult violence.
A big part of the problem for men is how they handle that 21st-century scourge that kills men younger than it does women: stress. Women employ a tend-and-befriend approach that invites confidence in and cooperation with people who can help them externalize their struggles and find succor.
Not men. When faced with stressors, they tend to turn cowboy, growing stoic, emotionally withdrawn and, too often, isolated. (Its true that, unlike men, women receive higher levels of oxytocin the calming, bonding hormone and neurotransmitter when they are stressed, which enhances their ability to cope. But research shows that mens, as well as womens, levels of oxytocin rise when they receive affectionate touch from their partner and that with doses of oxytocin through the nose, fear is reduced and degrees of trust, generosity and empathy rise.)
If this cowboy approach strengthened men mentally and emotionally, it wouldnt be a problem. But the weight of having to suppress stress and the resulting emotions that are perceived as unmanly gender role stress, Dr. Zur calls it doesnt make men more resilient. It makes them more vulnerable, triggering anxiety and depression, he says. It also prevents them from feeling that they have permission to seek mental health help. A 2000 study by U.C.L.A. researchers finds that Men are more likely than women to respond to stressful experiences by developing certain stress-related disorders, such as hypertension, alcohol and drug abuse.
Theres a reason the majority of clients seeking private services from the nascent professional cuddling industry are overwhelmingly male, straight, educated, divorced and in their early 50s. Just as a crushing number of white working-class men are succumbing to opioid addiction and suicide, these men are also suffering emotionally.
They are a population Kory Floyd, a professor of communication at the University of Arizona, had in mind when he wrote about affection deprivation in a study of more than 500 participants, published in 2014. Dr. Floyd studied the effects of what he calls skin hunger, discovering that people who experience this phenomenon were, among other things, more lonely, depressed, had less social support, experienced more mood and anxiety disorders and an inability to interpret and express emotions. This lack of affection correlated with a fearful avoidant attachment style, the same reaction so common in affection-deprived children from orphanages and in many men. Dr. Floyd said in an email that men are more likely than women to report that they received less affection from others than they wanted.
Perhaps its not surprising, then, that a 2011 study from the Kinsey Institute at Indiana University, published in the Archives of Sexual Behavior, found that among more than 1,000 heterosexual middle-aged and older married couples in five countries, hugging and kissing were more central to the happiness of men than they were to women.
But some young British men are going back to the future. A study published in October in Men & Masculinities found that the 30 heterosexual undergraduate males interviewed felt safer cuddling, hugging and, especially, confiding in platonic male friends than they did with their girlfriends. These bromances provided less judgment and increased emotional stability, enhanced emotional disclosure, social fulfillment, and better conflict resolution, compared to the emotional lives they shared with girlfriends.
Recently, I had a few beers with a new friend. (My wife initiated this, knowing Ive been feeling lonely since we moved to another city.) From the start we went deep, swapping stories about our fathers and the struggles of growing up in a culture that still holds male sensitivity in contempt. Women have it right, I said, talking over loud pounding on the nearby kitchen door that apparently had stuck. They find friends or sisters to talk with when things are rough, I said, as our server finally broke through the door.
When we got up to leave, I did something I rarely do with even close friends: I hugged him. For the second time that night, a stuck door opened.
Andrew Reiner teaches at Towson University and is working on a book about masculinity.
Very good article. As a Greek American male, I grew up with the expectation of hugging and kissing my male relatives. When my father and brothers arrived home from work, I (as the youngest) greeted them with a hug and a kiss on the cheek. If we didn't do that, it was a sign of disrespect. My Greek and Italian classmates during my undergraduate years felt the same way. We always greeted each other with a hug and kiss. The girls made the rounds kissing the boys on the cheek as they arrived at the cafeteria table. My male friends and I greeted each other with a hug. I do remember the other kids looking at us as if we were strange. As a professional adult, I greeted my male Greek American friends with a hug. We always did this and never thought it was abnormal. However, I did reserve a handshake greeting for my non Mediterranean friends. The "Chads," "Brads," and "Curts" all received a handshake. I can see non touch (e.g., generic handshake greeting) being a more American way of social behavior among Northern European males. Now that I am more active in social nudist settings, I do see men, regardless of ethnicity or race, hugging their male friends. Nudist males who meet for the first time (including myself), typically greet another nudist male with a handshake. However, I do see male nudists hugging or bro patting each other if they crossed over to the friend level. I believe hugging another man can be quite natural and masculine. I don't expect a man to make a sexual move on me if he decides to hug me. I think having that expectation that one would do that makes me think he has another motive.
Thank you for the article, how wonderful. I come from a family of huggers and still to this day hug my 74 year old father and tell him I love him when I see him. My brothers are more standoffish and accept a handshake over anything else, but they have a different dad and I think that plays a big role in to their acceptance of physical touch.
A really excellent article. And one that raises major issues where masculinity is arguably in crisis.
When I say masculinity is in crisis, what I really mean is that being male is under attack in western societies.
Outrageous statement? Yes! But true!
Ive simple attitudes to issues surrounding gender and other human variations ( I dont want to call them differences ) such as race, sexuality etc- I believe were all equal and should be cherished and respected as such.
But equality isnt necessarily tethered to ridiculous notions of sameness or uniformity and conformity. In recent decades people who are not white, women, LGBTQ people etc have had some ( often limited or societally disingenuous ) advances in relation to equality. Theres lots more progress needed on those fronts. But the one group that is never mentioned as being disadvantaged in any way is men! ( Yet we die younger etc! ) In fact you probably didnt even notice the omission of men in the list of groupings above! And because men are almost never mentioned as being unfairly treated in discourse about rights and freedoms theyre usually cast as the aggressors - the universal baddies in the dramatis personae of our unjust societies. And yes, men are and have been guilty, especially in previous times. But now were constantly under attack and yet thereslittle said or written to redress this.
How many people reading this have seen words such as misandry or misandrist or misandristic used in the media? Yes - the man-hating equivalent of mysogony is a little-known word!
Ive spent my whole life surrounded by strong women I adore but Im fed up with daft notions that masculinity is intrinsically brutal, predatory, or untrustworthy.
We need to recalibrate our attitudes and become more assertive of the wonders and beauty of masculinity. Then the coming generations of men will grow up treating everyone equally without diminishing themselves as young males - vibrant, potent, proud and unapologetic! And then expressions of masculine emotionality including tenderness platonic ( and non-platonic ) touch will be free to flow more easily and naturally and well all benefit.
Make no mistake, these issues are as prevalent for naturists as for anyone else. When did you last see a post on here about the etiquette for what a woman should do if her nipples become firm? Never?? Yet the site is littered with posts about a relatively rare occurrence - what to do if you get an erection in a naturist setting. ( Btw - in my experience its never been a problem unless the man attached to it is a problem! Lol ) Whats bad about a physical manifestation of healthy, potent masculinity?
( And just in case any presumptions are made or mistaken conclusions reached , Im no mysogynist - demonstrably the opposite in fact! )